IR Remote Control Switch
6th June 2015
This article describes a infrared-controlled AC power switch I built, based on a widely-available solid-state relay board. It allows you to turn on and off up to four lights or other appliances using a remote control:
Controlling a light with the Infrared Remote Control Switch.
Solid-state relay boards
There are a variety of AC power switching boards available on eBay or Aliexpress, using either relays or opto-isolated solid-state switches for the power switching. The boards are available in a range of different sizes, with from 1 to 8 channels. I decided to go for a 4-channel solid-state board, for greater reliability and lower power consumption, and found two alternatives on eBay:
The SunFounder (left) and SainSmart (right) solid-state relay boards.
They both use the same Omron solid-state switches, type 1565E, rated at 240VAC, 2A. The load voltage is specified at 75 to 265VAC, 50/60Hz, and the load current is 0.1A to 2A.
As you can see from my photograph they are both quite sloppily assembled, but they are fairly inexpensive; under $20 or £13.
The SunFounder solid state relay board is the slightly smaller of the two, and has the advantage of offering both screw terminals and header pins for the low-voltage signals.
The SainSmart board is slightly larger, and only provides screw terminals for the low-voltage signals.
Both boards draw a maximum of about 32mA at 5V DC, and each input switches on at about 1.55V with a current of less than 0.5mA, so you can drive them directly from the output of an AVR.
WARNING: On both boards there is live AC power on some of the tracks to the solid-state switches on the bottom of the board, so take care when testing with AC power.
I decided to base my project on the SunFounder board, because of its smaller size and the convenience of the header-pin connections.
Circuit of the Infrared Remote Control Switch.
I built it on a small piece of veroboard, designed to plug onto the header pins provided on the solid-state relay board. I mounted the infra-red receiver module on the bottom of the board so it would stand up above the board, for best infrared reception:
The infrared control circuit built on a small piece of veroboard.
Here's a diagram showing the layout on veroboard, with the tracks you need to cut, viewed from the component side of the board:
The program is a modified version of my IR Remote Control Receiver project. I compiled the program using the Arduino-Tiny core extension to the Arduino IDE . Select the ATtiny85 @ 1 MHz (internal oscillator; BOD disabled) option on the Board submenu; this is the default configuration of the ATtiny85 fuses. I uploaded the program by inserting the ATtiny85 into the socket on Sparkfun's Tiny AVR Programmer .
Here's the whole IR Remote Control Switch program: IR Remote Control Switch Program.
- ^ Mini Remote Control on Adafruit.
- ^ Mini Remote Control on Proto-PIC.
- ^ IR Receiver Diode - TSOP38238 on SparkFun.
- ^ Infra Red Receiver Module on HobbyTronics.
- ^ Arduino-Tiny core on Google Code.
- ^ Tiny AVR Programmer on Sparkfun.
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